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A lesson on Loose Leash Walking


a lesson on loose leash walking

A lesson on Loose Leash Walking

Walking a dog pleasantly down your neighborhood street or around a park can be one of the most rewarding experiences you share with your dog.  However it is often the case that your dog wants something more out of his walk and in turn makes the walk less pleasant by pulling you to every smell, ignoring your pleas for attention and peeing on everything in sight.  In other words, our expectations and our dogs needs are usually drastically different in this situation, leaving a sense of conflict when you depart for a casual walk after work with your pet. I will explain why this is so common, how you are likely making it worse, offer easy ways to change your dog’s walking behavior with video footage of dogs in action, all in this new lesson on loose leash walking. 

Why your dog pulls

Your human walk and your dog’s walk are generally two different experiences and like all behaviors our past reinforcement history comes into play in every new walking opportunity.

  • The first consideration when addressing why your dog is pulling is to find out what he is pulling towards.  As I mentioned above, your walk and your dogs walk have stark differences.  You likely want to take your dog on a timed journey to a specific destination (destination walk) with little reward for ignoring all the desires your pet not only wants but needs.  Most dogs don’t get enough mental stimulation as it is and when they finally get outside it’s a free for all to get as much information as possible.  If you don’y already know, your dogs sniffer is ridiculously sensitive and powerful. They can process scents 12 separate odors at the same time from vast distances, bi-directionally, and while continuously sniffing like a didgeridoo player.  So if you are like most of my clients who have an agenda which is bypassing all the yummy stinky smells along the way, you’re essentially walking your dog through Disneyland and not letting him look at the new adventures and rides around them

 

  • Next, your dog’s previous reinforcement history also comes into play and if you have been following your dogs as he pulls , you are teaching him that leash tension is customary for forward progress and to keep trying because it works enough of the time.  If you take one thing from this lesson on loose leash walking, it should be the way to stop your dog from pulling is to stop following when the leash it tight.  If you don’t change your behavior here, your dog will always keep pulling because it is working.

Why is smelling is so important?

Smelling is literally everything to a dog.  It is equivalent to reading a book, doing yoga, going shopping or dining at a buffet.  It is how they see and learn about the weird human world they have to function in. Active sniffing in dogs actually lowers pulse rates and allows your dog to unwind much faster than using exercise alone. The more we ignore these needs the more they will try to meet their needs by pulling.  In a recent scientific study, dogs given the option of a long leash smelled 280% more than traditionally leashed dogs and consequently had drastically lower pulse rates.   A lower pulse rate leads to a calmer dog.

Tips and Tricks to be Successful

  1. Ditch your short 4-6 ft leash and opt for a 15 foot leash shown here.
  2. Get a treat pouch and lots of soft, moist, meat based treats that your dog loves.
  3. Get rid of any tools that are corrective like pinch collars, choke chains, etc.  Opt for a comfortable harness like this Freedom Harness.
  4. Forget about going anywhere specific and don’t worry about exercise on the walk. That can come later. We are going on a sniffy walk which is way more fun for most dogs.
  5. Let your dog sniff as much as they want and pee on what ever they want as long as it doesn’t upset anyone.
  6.  Teach a check-in behavior (explained later)
  7. Be present and patient (leave your cell phone, kids, and other dogs at home for now) This is your dogs walk and no one else’s.

Training a check-in behavior

By training a check-in behavior you will have taught your dog that looking and checking in with you on there walks gets them for forward progress.  It is the opposite of a dog that pulls to get ahead to the next smell.  Let’s call these glances spontaneous gifts of attention.  They are spontaneous because you aren’t going to be asking for or commanding they look at you.  Your job as a teacher/trainer is to capture any glances and attention to you by rewarding them with delicious treats right on time, every time.  This check in behavior will be a new replacement behavior that allows your pet more opportunity to walk and smell.

Start training inside your door

Training inside allows you to train without the distractions of the outdoors and makes learning a new check in behavior much easier.  Start by having your dog on the long leash with treats on your hip while still inside your door. The first time your dogs looks up to see why the door isn’t opening, say YES, give him 3 treats to his mouth.  3 treats is important as it will condition your dog to expect a series of treats vs. a single treat they can snatch and forget about.  This will take some time to condition but it is worth it.

  • If your dog wont stop looking at you then toss a treat to the ground when they look at you.  This will give you a chance to reinforce their looking to you again after they eat the treat off the floor. Repeat this 10-15 times or until the behavior seems fluid, giving three treats for looking at you then throwing one on the ground after to resent their gaze.

Going outside (Finally)

The next lesson in loose leash walking is to open the door and see what your dog does.  They may walk out or stay right there next to you. If they walk out the door,  you will let the 15 foot leash drag behind them and wait for them to look back to see why you aren’t coming along.  Your dog may take two steps out or 10 but your job is to wait for them to look back at you and toss more yummy treats by your feet.  When your dog comes back to eat them offer them some more treats from your hand and see what they do.  If  they walk outside don’t follow. If they look up say YES and offer more treats. Repeat this until your dog waits for you to say ‘OK’ or ‘LETS GO’ and walk outside just past the door.  Continue to feed them for more attention now that you’re outside. Let them smell as much as they want within the 15 feet leash.  This may be 2 minutes or 20 depending on what smells are nearby and what your dog is interested in.  Reward any glances of attention and send them right back to sniffing until they are satisfied.  Walk them another 10-15 feet when they are ready. Rinse and repeat.  If you only go to the next house over that is ok. The next walk will be better.

Chase the food game

As highlighted in the video below, you will see that often I toss the treats in front my dog while we’re training. This serves to keep the dog focused more on the space in front of them.  Most dogs enjoy this trick which tires them out more by finding the treats and allowing them to look back to earn more.

Bonus Behavior

Teaching a check-in behavior will not only reduce the overall pulling and lack of attention on your walks but it also teaches a broader concept of how to ‘ask’ for something.  You may notice your dog glancing at you much more when they want something when they understand the value themselves.  Make sure you reinforce future looks towards you so that this behavior becomes more and more likely when your pets seems something they want in other environments.

Practice makes Perfect

I want to emphasize that walking in harmony on a loose leash takes lots of practice for both you and your dog. It is not a natural behavior but a series of several different learned behaviors. It may seem counter-intuitive to relax the leash and it may be boring at first not walking as much and allowing more sniffing.  However, the reality is your dog will be much more relaxed after he gets all his sniffing out of the way and you likely won’t have to walk as far and as fast. Initially your dog will still want to walk ahead to explore but the intensity will diminish over time. You will have more conversations on your walks (check ins) and your dog will be more responsive by default. I hope you find this lesson on loose leash walking informative. I have taught this behavior in many ways but this so far has been the most successful.  For more clarification, please watch the attached video to see what the process looks like on my end and don’t hesitate to reach out to me for more guidance and help.

click here for the full video and demonstration of how to do this.

Be well and wag tail,

Bryndon Golya

OCcaninecoaching.com

Allpawsessentials.com

 

 

 

The secret ingredient in dog training

secret ingredient in dog training

Get down on the ground with your dog

Have you ever wondered why some dogs just seem to magically be more responsive and engaging with their owners? Do you wonder why all your training seems to go out the window when your dog has other options than paying attention to you? If so, you’re not alone and in this blog post I will attempt to explain why the secret ingredient in dog training is more than obedience.  The secret ingredient might be your relationship.

What do I mean by relationship

Your relationship with your dog is your entire history of not only punishment and reinforcement but also and most importantly the amount of time you spend with them. The amount of time feeding, training, playing, snuggling, walking, and taking for adventures.  It also has plenty to do with how we institute consequences, both good and bad. How predictable our love and affection is as well as our punishments make up a large context for the bond between human and canine.  Your relationship with your dog is demonstrated in large degree by how well we have established ourselves as an opportunity for reinforcement, fun, play, freedom and learning and very importantly, safety.

To Cue or Command?

In dog training these two terms are often interchangeable.  However there is a significant difference with relation to consequences and it can affect your relationship with your dog.  I am often asked when approaching new training clients what commands I teach.  I tell them very matter of factly, I teach cues not commands. Command is a word we all know and it implies a consequence of punishment.  It is authoritative and challenging and removes any options for your dog to disagree with your request. Conversely, if you consider your request to sit, down, stay or come a cue, your thought to correct them may be replaced with thought of why doesn’t my dog want to do this for me right now in this place and time.  With that information we can construct better approaches to asking them to perform next time.  Imagine living with or working for someone who never lets you make your own decisions. In other words imagine having no agency or faculties in your life. That would surely sour any relationship, even if there is love and affection behind it all.

The power of choice

With respect to the cue vs. command scenario mentioned above, what is being offered to your dog and possibly best friend, is the power of choice.  The choice to be safe, the choice to rest, the choice to observe or discover and the choice try again another day.  Choice is control and when humans, dogs or any organism looses control over their lives unwanted behavior patterns will emerge.  Giving dogs a choice is a huge dog training secret and often neglected in traditional dog training. Being able to make more choices of their own lends dogs more confidence and self reliance. Conversely, the more we control our dogs the more they tend to act out and demand or ignore us.  Consequently, the dog becomes more frustrated and even depressed leading to a state of what is called learned helplessness.   Here are two examples of how we don’t offer choice to our dogs.

  • You walk your timid or unsocialized dog past other excited and eager dogs and let them jump on him thus neglecting your dogs disinterest and forcing the interaction on them in hopes of some kind of social interaction.
  • You put your dogs food down and they stare at it and walk away.  As a result you top it off with some kind of topper or human food. Your dog not only learns that no means your will give them better but he also gets pressured to eat the meal you just put down. What if he had a tooth ache, or wasn’t feeling well? Doesn’t he deserve a choice in the matter?

Not so secret ingredients: Fun, Food, and Play

Food:

All dogs come wired to love to eat.  If your dog isn’t particularly interested in eating that is an unnatural condition and you should consider looking into how it got that way.  Consider first that all baby animals start their lives associating their food with their primary care giver or “most important person in their life”.  Food and eating creates positive feeling and associations which are long lasting.  For those dog owners who refuse to use food and treats as motivation or who use them very stingily are doing a disservice to themselves as food used generously in training and reinforcing desired behaviors is likely one of the most powerful tools we have for building strong and long lasting relationships with our pets.

Fun and Play:

What are we all working so hard for anyway? Whether your fun is surfing, visiting new places, or just reading a book, fun is what makes all the rest of your life worthwhile.  Without it we are miserable. Likewise, without enough fun in their lives, our dogs unwanted behaviors will become problematic and seep into our lives, diminishing our relationship. In order to keep our bonds strong we need to incorporate more fun into our dogs lives. This means learning how they like to play and what stimulates them.  For example, I just finished a fantastic seminar on play therapy with Dr. Amy Cook which showed huge success’ in using a modified version of play to help dogs cope with stressful situations.  It turns out specific types of play can rehabilitate the most fearful and reactive behaviors in dogs.  Here are some suggestions on how to engage better with your dogs to promote fun.

  • Get on the floor with them and use your body more (dogs love it when you’re on their level)
  • Play with your dog, not at them. Make sure they have time to initiate and say stop during play.
  • Take them to a new park or down a new street (new is fun)
  • Teach them a new trick (learning is fun)
  • Use their noses more. Hide food in your fists or clothing and use them to institute play and keep them involved if they aren’t into your hands.  Go slow and don’t forget to laugh.
  • visit http://playwaydogs.com.  Dr. Amy Cook is amazing and she has affordable online classes.

No more fears

Teaching your dogs what behavior you find appropriate and those you want to discourage doesn’t mean we have to train them with the threat of punishment and pain.  Your dogs relationship with you largely stems from how we respond respond to them over time.  Be the source of security to your dogs and don’t let them down by using harsh training methods and tools that cause pain like pinch, choke and shock collars.  It’s no dog training secret that these tools and methods cause pain and confusion, damaging any relationship. Pay attention to their body language and remove them from situations they find overwhelming.  Use food and touch to calm them in stressful times if possible. Don’t force unwanted social interactions and give them a place to feel safe.  I promise the more you learn to identify signs of stress in your dog and act accordingly, your bond and responsiveness from your best friends will improve.  For an easy read on canine body language check out “On Talking Terms with Dogs”, by Turid Rugass.

Control is a myth

Why do we have the deep desire to control things? Maybe it has something to do with how much is constantly changing in our world.  Maybe the illusion of control offers our minds some kind of stability or traction in this wobbly and wonky world.  If we can control some aspects of our life then we can add more complexity to our lives.  Eventually, when we are in over our heads we tighten up our grips and try even harder to control.  This may be with our dogs or anything actually.

Consider your children if you have them.  Do you offer them choice when teaching them or do you decide everything for them? When they make the right decision on their own did you respond to those actions and choose to reinforce them, hoping for more of the same behaviors in the future?  If so you were teaching the value of choice, not control. If anything, the power of choice teaches self control, furthering our connection to our children and dogs.

In Conclusion, instead of the old paradigm of imposing discipline and obedience onto our dogs as the reason they respond to us, let’s focus on that secret ingredient in dog training.  A strong relationship and bond with our animals that includes more food, fun, freedom, and choice may be what is needed for a more responsive and eager dog.

8 Reasons to Consider MCT Oil for You and your Pet

mct oil image 4

8 Reasons to Consider MCT oil for You and Your Pet.

 

Already a popular supplement, MCT coconut oil is completely safe for both humans and dogs in moderate amounts.  People add mct oil to all sorts of foods and drinks or even apply it topically to gain its numerous benefits. It is the main carrier oil in our Pet CBD blend, but what is this oil and what can it do for you and your pets.

 

What Is MCT Coconut Oil?

MCT stands for medium-chain triglyceride, which refers to the length of the chains of fats. Each MCT is made up of 6 to 12 carbon atoms.

It is important to receive MCTs in your diet as your body utilizes them differently to long-chain fatty acids. After leaving your gut, MCTs head to the liver, where your body can use them for energy or turn them into ketones. In other words, your body uses the calories from MCTs immediately, instead of storing them as fat. It is useful for your body to have ketones, as the brain can transform them into energy later, rather than needing to rely on glucose or sugar.

MCT supplements usually use coconut as the source for their oil. This is because more than 50 percent of all the fat in the fruit comes from MCTs. Other sources of MCTs include dairy products and palm kernels, but they have a much lower percentage of MCTs than coconuts.

1. Quick Energy for the mind and body

 

Because of shorter structure of MCT’s they are rapidly absorbed by the body with very little work by the gallbladder, liver or pancreas.  They convert quickly to energy or into substances called ketones which are able to cross into the brain and supply it with valuable fuel. Much less of MCT’s are stored as fats and in fact have shown in some studies to increase calorie burn by as much as 5%.

    

2.  Improved Brain and Memory

We mentioned above that the brain can use MCTs for energy. This can actually lead to better brain function and improved memory. For instance, research suggests that people with Alzheimer’s may see increased thinking ability when they take MCT oil. This is due to their brains’ capability to utilize ketones from the oil more effectively than it could use glucose.

 

3.  Nutrient Absorption

We can eat all the good foods we want but without proper absorption of nutrients, we aren’t getting all that we could be.  Fat soluble vitamins like A, E, D, K as well as minerals like magnesium and calcium depend on saturated healthy fats like MCT’s to help transport them to their final destinations.  Organic MCT coconut oil was carefully selected in our Pet CBD for proper delivery of valuable cannabinoids and terpenes to your pet. 

 

4. Weight Loss

There are several reasons why MCT coconut oil can help speed up weight loss. (It can be particularly effective at getting rid of fat around the waist.)

First is that the oil leads the body to release the hormones peptide YY and leptin, which suppresses appetite and make you feel full. In fact, MCT oil has been found to be more effective at this than pure coconut oil. You’ve already seen that the body burns calories from MCTs straight away. Another benefit is the fact that MCTs have 10 percent fewer calories than long-chain triglycerides (LCTs) — the types of triglycerides present in olive oil, avocados, and nuts. Yet another reason is that MCTs can help you maintain the correct balance between good and bad bacteria in your gut. This is a great way to promote healthy weight loss.  Bear in mind that losing weight with MCT coconut oil is particularly effective when you’re on a ketogenic diet. This involves eating few carbohydrates but plenty of fats. By also taking MCT oil, you’ll keep your body in a fat-burning state.

 

5. Insect Repellant

Until recently, the most effective insect repellents all contained the chemical DEET. The chemical is popular because it can repel all kinds of biting bugs and prevent the spread of diseases carried by these insects. However, DEET can lead to some serious side effects for your health. For instance, it can be toxic to your central nervous system, can cause skin reactions, and is even linked to cancer. The chemical is particularly dangerous to use on your whole body on a regular basis. The difficulty comes when you live in a place where you are often bothered by insects and have no option but to use a repellant.

The good news is that MCT coconut oil is more effective at keeping insects at bay than DEET. For instance, one study found it to be 90 percent effective at repelling mosquitoes. It is also great for keeping dogs free from fleas and ticks. Unlike most treatments, it is non-toxic, meaning there is no problem if the dog licks the oil. Antimicrobial and Antifungal

MCT oil as mentioned above is comprised of medium chain fatty acids.  The most common of these are capric, caprylic, and lauric acids. Caprylic acid has the most anti-fungal/anti-bacterial properties and also has the mildest taste of the MCT’s.   All Paws Essentials for instance uses an organic MCT oil high in caprylic acids. Because of the antimicrobial properties in our MCT oil, it helps pets with pesky candida infections and helps to clean the gut of unwanted microbes.  

 

6. Control Blood Sugar Levels

By reducing blood sugar levels, MCT coconut oil may be able to help patients manage diabetes. There is evidence that the oil can even lower your risk of diabetes, such as by preventing insulin resistance.

 

7.  Improve Cholesterol 

Saying MCT oil lowers cholesterol isn’t quite accurate. Cholesterol isn’t necessarily a bad thing as it is necessary for vitamin D synthesis and hormone regulation.  Recently studies have shown that a diet high in saturated fats from MCT’s increases good HDL cholesterol levels while lowering overall lipid levels. The smaller more dangerous LDL cholesterol molecules were also affected and overall increased in size which is a good thing since smaller and denser LDL molecules triple your risk for heart disease. 

 

8. As an Antimicrobial / Antibacterial / Antiviral

There are 3 different possible fatty acids that comprise MCT’s. They are caprylic acid, capric acid, and lauric acid.  All of these fatty acids offer different benefits but most they all offer some degree of protection against bacteria, fungi and even virus’. Caprylic acid has been shown in studies to be a strong antibacterial and promote better gut health. Capric acid is a strong antifungal and immune system booster. Lauric acid has shown the strongest antibacterial properties of the 3 and also offers important antiviral properties.  Often a good organic MCT oil will contain a variation of all three of these fatty acids which covers all bases. 

Because of the fast absorption, antimicrobial properties, possible positive effects on brain function and lipid regulation it is easy to see why All Paws Essentials chose an organic MCT base to carry our CBD rich hemp extracts.  For oral or topical use, you can’t go wrong.  

Bryndon Golya 

All Paws Essentials

www.allpawsessentials.com

How to Move Home With Your Dog

cavalier dog image

How to Move Home with Your Dog

Moving home is one of the most stressful experiences you can have. According to Nicky Lidbetter, chief executive of Anxiety UK, this is because it involves “having to cope with change.” However, it can be even worse for your dog.

Dogs become very attached to their regular surroundings, and uprooting them to a new location can be very stressful. If not properly settled, dogs can become stressed and develop behavioral problems. However, with a little forward planning, you can help your dog to experience a stress-free, successful transition to their new home.

House Hunting with Your Dog in Mind

Before you begin your search, work out what you and your dog need in a home. Remember that just because a building allows pets doesn’t make it suitable for your pet. Once you know what you need, find a realtor who really understands your needs. This means that they won’t waste your time showing you unsuitable properties and will be able to answer questions about how pet-friendly the neighborhood truly is.

As well as talking to the realtor, do your own research. Walking your dog around your potential new neighborhood gives you the opportunity to explore local dog parks and talk to other dog owners about the pet friendliness of the area.

You’ll also need to assess how suitable your new home is for your dog. Your most important concern should be safety. For example, if the property has a yard, make sure that it’s fenced-in. However, you may have to install a new fence yourself. Like hiring a removal firm, readying your new home is one of the hidden but necessary costs of relocating; for example, in nearby Anaheim, a wooden fence can cost between $1,520 and $3,000, according to HomeAdvisor. As well as making sure that the property is secure, you’ll need to assess how safe the landscaping is for your pet. Common plants such as daffodils, azaleas, and sago palms can be poisonous to pets.

Moving Day with Your Dog

In the weeks leading up to your move, plan your dog’s transition as well as your own. Moving day is a very disruptive day, especially for your dog. Not only will their whole routine is disrupted, but all of their familiar objects and smells will disappear.  

The easiest and safest option is to ask a friend or family member to look after your dog. This is a low-stress option, especially if your pet is familiar with their home. Should you choose to use a pet sitter or a boarding kennel start looking well before your moving day. You will find many options online so you’ll need to do your research and find a reliable sitter. You may also need to get your dogs worming and vaccinations up to date beforehand.

Helping Your Dog to Settle In

Remember that dogs like routine and familiar scents and places. If your dog does start to exhibit signs of stress, don’t worry. Even the most relaxed dog will take time to settle into a new home so be patient. Try interacting with your pet more than usual. Settling your dog into a routine as quickly as possible brings a sense of familiarity, helping your pet to relax. Studies have also shown that lavender and regularly grooming your pet can reduce stress levels. We suggest using the lavender at home regularly first so your dog associates the lavender smell in the new home with the known lavender smell from before. Another option to help keep your pets calm during a move is Pet CBD.  All Paws Essentials Pet CBD has shown to be helpful when dealing with the stress of moving. Start giving you dog or cat the Pet CBD a few days ahead of time and during the transition for best results.

It can also be tempting to buy your dog a new bed, toys, and even food and water bowls. However, this can be doubly disruptive for your dog. These things all have a familiar scent and their presence in your new home will be reassuring to your dog. Setting up a crate (you can find affordable options at retailers like PetCo for around $33.99 and up) that you can fill with familiar objects, such as blankets, toys, and scents, will provide your dog with a safe place to go while they acclimatize to their new surroundings.

Moving home can be a stressful and difficult time for all members of the family, including your dog. Taking the time to consider your pet’s needs at every stage of the journey can help to ease any added stress from the situation. It can also help your dog to quickly settle into its new home.

Image via Pixabay

credit to

Cindy Aldridge

Ourdogfriends.org

CBD may help reduce seizures in dogs

canine epilepsy image

Pet CBD and Canine Epilepsy

 I’ve been very fortunate that, for most of my life, I have owned healthy dogs who have suffered from no serious health issues. However, for many dog owners that simply isn’t the case. I work pet owners on a daily basis, addressing their pets’ health and behavior issues. This allows me to see first-hand the challenges some people face, tackling difficult and confusing health issues like canine epilepsy. 

Epilepsy in Dogs

 Until recently, I was unaware that epilepsy is the most common neurological condition in dogs. I also did not know that almost one-third of dogs gain little relief from standard anticonvulsant medications.

 The two most common medications veterinarians currently prescribe for canine epilepsy are potassium bromide and phenobarbital. Although these drugs can help some dogs with uncontrolled seizures, many pet owners find that neither option helps. Furthermore, the dogs who do experience a lower in frequency of seizures generally suffer from many side effects. These can markedly reduce their quality of life.

 For instance, some of the side effects of potassium bromide include:

   Sedation

   Ataxia (loss of coordination in the hind area)

   Increased hunger and thirst

   Irritability and restlessness

   Stomach upset with nausea and vomiting

 

Phenobarbital has an even longer list of warnings and contraindications, but the side effects are similar and include:

   Increased hunger and thirst

   Excessive urination

   Weight gain

   Ataxia

   Depression

   Lethargy

   Anemia

   Vomiting

   The risk of developing serious liver issues

 On top of all that, missing a scheduled dose of either the above medications may trigger further seizures.

 

CBD for Seizures

 There is some good news. Recent studies looking into the effects of CBD (cannabidiol) show promise for dogs with with epilepsy who are either on the above medications and dealing with the side effects. These studies also suggest that CBD may be effective for dogs who see no improvement with any of the available prescription drugs.

 

The First Study: Delivery Methods of CBD

 One study, called “Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol administered by 3 different delivery methods at two different dosages to healthy dogs,” appeared in the Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research. It looked at both how dogs tolerated CBD and the most effective ways to administer the supplement.

 The study involved giving dogs CBD two times a day in the form a capsule, an oil tincture, or a transdermal cream. The two doses were either 5 milligrams per kilogram of weight or 10 milligrams per kilogram. For reference, most of the pets I work with take 0.5 to 1 milligram per kilogram (or 2 to 5 milligrams per 10 pounds).

 Oil tincture had the highest absorption rate and the CBD remained in the dog’s bloodstream for longer than the other two delivery methods. The second most successful was the capsule and the least effective was the transdermal cream. The study also discovered that oral administration led to a relatively short half life of 4.2 hours.

 There were no negative side effects associated with taking CBD, although the dogs’ levels of ALP liver enzymes did rise. Nevertheless, bile acid tests were normal and there were no signs of reduced liver function or toxicity. Tests on long-term tolerance are yet to be carried out.

 

The Second Study: Effectiveness of CBD

 Whereas the first study showed how best to administer CBD, as well as the dogs’ tolerance of the substance, it didn’t measure effectiveness of CBD on untreatable seizure disorders. An epilepsy pilot study from the Colorado State University, however, examined the effectiveness of a daily CBD regimen for dogs who were already taking traditional medications for intractable uncontrolled seizures.

 In this study, dogs received a full spectrum CBD oil similar to All Paws Essentials Pet CBD. They were given 2.5 milligrams per kilogram of weight (or 1 milligram per 1 pound) twice a day.

 The average reduction in seizures for dogs taking the CBD twice a day was 33 percent. The majority saw more than a 40-percent reduction in seizures. Furthermore, the researchers discovered that dogs taking a higher concentration of CBD saw the greatest reduction in seizure frequency.

 All the dogs in this second study were previously taking potassium bromide or phenobarbital. None had any adverse reactions when they received CBD. Again, ALP liver enzymes were elevated but without reduced liver function. The dogs did not exhibit an increase in any negative behaviors, such as aggression, anxiety, excitability, or rivalry, nor did they have reduced energy levels.

The Takeaway

 Full spectrum CBD oil reduced the frequency of seizures in almost all of the dogs in both of the studies. Whereas an ideal dosage still needs to be determined, the lack of side effects is very encouraging. Although we need more studies be confirm the efficacy of CBD for long-term in for treating seizure disorders, it does seem like CBD could be a viable option for reducing seizure frequency. It also appears that the supplement is generally safe to administer along with these commonly-prescribed anticonvulsants. 

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